Ending Female Genital Mutilation By 2030Posted by I Take Actions Admin in Campaigns, 07 Feb 2022 13:44
Like every year, the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is celebrated on 6 February.
FMG involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia or other injuries to the female genital organs without medical reasons. This practice is internationally recognized as a violation of the human rights of children, girls, and women. Yet, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) estimates that some three million girls and women a year are at risk of undergoing FGM and related practices.
Although primarily practised in 30 countries located in Africa and the Middle East, FGM constitutes a universal problem.
There are no benefits in terms of physical health: girls often face short-term problems such as severe pain and excessive bleeding, infections, and difficulty in passing urine as well as long-term consequences for their sexual and reproductive system, including complications in childbirth, increased risk of newborn deaths, and the loss of sexual pleasure.
Furthermore, the consequences for girls in terms of mental health, education and economic development are devastating.
The international community has condemned the practice and called for its suppression. Since 2008, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), alongside the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), leads the largest global programme with the purpose of accelerating the eradication of female genital mutilation by 2030.
In Nigeria, the FGM practice is customarily a family tradition that the young female of the age 0-15 would experience. About 27% of Nigerian women between the ages of 15 and 49 were victims of FGM, as of 2012. In the last 30 years, the prevalence of the practice has decreased by half in some parts of Nigeria.
In May 2015, then President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan signed a federal law banning FGM. Opponents of the practice cite this move as an important step forward in Africa, as Nigeria is the most populous country and has set an important precedent. Though the practice has declined, activists and scholars say a cultural shift is necessary to abolish the practice, as the new law will not singularly change the wider violence against women in Nigeria.
Hence, as concerned stakeholders, we say, no time for global inactions: Unite, Fund and Act to end FGM in your community.